LifeStraw® - Acronyms/Definitions
Aging water: Water passed through the filter with determined known PH-TOC-total dissolved solids and turbidity to measure the filter’s resistance to clogging, flow-rate and lifetime.
CDC: Centers for Disease Control, USA.
CFU: Colony-Forming Unit (CFU) is a measure of viable bacterial numbers. It allows users to assess the degree of contamination in samples of water.
Challenge water: Water passed through the filter for microbiological efficacy tests. In this water, disinfectant is completely removed and residue level should be non-detectable. This is to ensure that there is no interference from residual chlorine (most tap water is chlorinated) on the contaminants introduced in the water and give a more accurate measure of the filter’s microbiological efficacy.
Environmental Protection Agency: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA or USEPA) is an agency of the federal government of the United States charged with protecting human health and safeguarding the natural environment, namely air, water, and land.
Log reduction: -”LOG” stands for the logarithm function: 1, 2, 3 and 4 LOG reductions correspond to 90%, 99%, 99.9% and 99.99% reduction respectively, and so on.
LRV: Log Reduction Value.
Ms2: A virus which is easily cultivated in laboratories and used to measure viral reduction efficacy of the filter.
NSF International: The Public Health and Safety Company™, a not-for-profit, non-governmental organization based in the United States, is the world leader in standards development, product certification, education, and risk-management for public health and safety.
NTU: Nephelometric Turbidity Units. Turbidity refers to how clear the water is. The greater the amount of total suspended solids (TSS) in the water, the murkier it appears and the higher the measured turbidity.
PFU: Plaque-Forming Unit (PFU) is a measure of viable numbers of viruses in the water.
Point-of-use interventions: For those who have access to sufficient quantities of water but whose water is of poor microbiological quality, an alternative is to treat water at the household or other point of use. Such a household treatment may minimise recontamination in the home, a well-known cause of water quality degradation. Interventions used in the studies include: filtration (ceramic), solar disinfection, chlorination, flocculation/disinfection and improved storage.
RR: Rate of reduction.
RTC: Randomized Control Trial.
TOC: Total organic carbon: material in the water derived from decaying vegetation, bacterial growth, and metabolic activities of living organisms or chemicals.
TTC: Thermo Tolerant Coliforms
Turbidity: Turbidity is the cloudiness or haziness of a fluid caused by individual particles (suspended solids) that are generally invisible to the naked eye, similar to smoke in the air.
Search Vestergaard Frandsen
Buy LifeStraw® in US and Canada
LifeStraw is now available for sale from reputable retailers in the US and Canada for individual customers: http://eartheasy.com/lifestraw-store-locations
LifeStraw® Carbon For Water
More than four million people in Western Province, Kenya now have access to safe and clean drinking water purified up to EPA standards through the LifeStraw® Family. This $30 million public health program, which will last ten years, will be funded by carbon offsets. Learn more at www.carbonforwater.com
See the program in action in award-winning documentary at www.carbonforwaterfilm.com
Like Us on Facebook
Subscribe to News Updates
All LifeStraw® Downloads
Coca-Cola Denmark, Vestergaard Frandsen and nonprofit Water For All distribute 27,000 LifeStraw® to Kenyan community, students, and educators. Read more.